What Exactly Is an HSA Custodian?

Sep 03, 2022 By Triston Martin

Any financial institution recognized by the Internal Revenue Service as qualified to hold health savings account funds is qualified to act as an HSA custodian. Administrators of health savings accounts are the financial entities in charge of the accounts. Assets contributed to a Health Savings Account are kept in a separate bank account managed by a custodian or administrator. The account holder can withdraw or make investments with this money for approved medical expenditures.

Start a Health Savings Account

Your company probably offers Health Savings Accounts that you may create. You may be registered with a certain HSA custodian without even realizing it. It's a good idea to check with HR beforehand to see how this would affect HSA payroll deductions.

Whenever an individual establishes an HSA on their own, they get to decide on the HSA custodian. When it comes to your HSA, the interest you receive, the fees you pay, and the investment alternatives available may all influence your account balance over time, so choosing the right custodian is crucial.

The goal of every financial account should be to earn as much as possible while incurring as few costs as possible. Similarly, you should ensure that the Securities Investor Protection Corporation covers any investments and that the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation covers any cash holdings you maintain.

Investigating HSA Administrators

The Medicare Prescription Drug, Improvement, and Modernization Act of 2003 created health savings accounts to provide individuals with high-deductible health plans with the tax-preferred treatment of the money they saved for medical expenses. This information is shared with patients by the American Academy of Family Physicians.

An HSA custodian facilitates HSA contributions and distributions for qualified medical expenses. Interest is accrued by the custodian on the HSA account's cash balance in the same way interest is earned on a savings account. With the money that isn't immediately needed for medical costs, account holders at certain financial institutions can invest it in equities, bonds, and funds to earn greater interest rates.

Money Spent On HSA Administrators

There are costs associated with having an HSA custodian. Each custodial institution charges its own set of fees for its services. The most common continuing charges are an annual flat administration fee and a quarterly custodial cost based on the percentage of your account balance owed at the end of each quarter.

The IRS imposes yearly restrictions on how much money can be contributed to Health Savings Accounts, and if your contribution exceeds that amount, you will be charged a fee to fix the overage. However, a person 55 or older can put in an additional $1,000. 34

Extra debit cards for family members or the replacement of lost or stolen cards may incur additional costs. Fees for inadequate money, closing an account, and stopping payments are all charged by HSA custodians in the same way they are by checking account providers.

Benefits of a Hypothetical Health Savings Account

HSAs can be used to lessen the money paid monthly for insurance. Suppose a person has family insurance with a deductible of only $2,000. The rates might be high at $800 a month in this scenario. If they increase their monthly deductible to $5,000, however, their premium may drop to as little as $500, saving them $300 per month and a total of $3,650 per year.

Who Can Open an HSA Account?

An HSA is generally one of several alternatives to employees in an employer-sponsored plan. This plan type is open to anybody, not just employees. A high-deductible health plan (HDHP) is necessary to open an HSA. Therefore it's crucial to know whether you're an employee or a business owner.

High-deductible health plans are health insurance policies with deductibles greater than the industry standard. The HDHP minimum deductible for a person in 2021 and 2022 is $1,400, while the HDHP minimum deductible for a family is $2,800.

Who Would Benefit Most from Having a Health Savings Account?

An HSA looks most attractive to a person or family with relatively low medical care spending who can afford a high-deductible medical plan and benefit from such a plan's significant tax advantages. Each worker should evaluate their HSA alongside their other medical plan alternatives.

Are There Any Drawbacks?

Despite the many advantages, HSAs may come with a few disadvantages. First and foremost, you can't open an HSA unless a high-deductible health plan covers you. Problems with making HSA payments might arise even if you are enrolled in a high-deductible health plan.

Even though your monthly premiums would be less with a higher deductible, you should save extra money in case of an illness or injury. Instead, you may need to use the funds you'd set aside for savings on your deductible. A second option is to set aside a portion of your monthly income for emergencies.

Related articles
A Quick Overview: Using a Credit Card to Build Your Credit
Jan 02, 2023
Exploring The Top Mid-Cap Exchange-Traded Funds
Oct 30, 2022
What is a Call Option
Apr 02, 2023
What Are The Costs of Credit Card Processing?
Mar 03, 2023
Should I Pay Off Debt or Invest: A Complete Guide
Oct 22, 2022
The Top Technical Indicators For Options Trading: A Quick Overview
Aug 14, 2022
How to Start with Alternative Investments
Sep 18, 2022
First Mortgage Payment
Sep 27, 2022
Best Choice for Preparing Your Taxes
Sep 13, 2022